How to survive a nuclear disaster

The nuclear disaster of Chernobyl and the most recent Fukushima catastrophe, have shaken world public opinion with the classic dilemmas: how wise is the choice nuclear and above all, what price is man willing to pay for this source of energy? Among the doubts that have arisen, many have wondered how to survive a nuclear disaster. Today we try to give you some general guidelines.

How to survive a nuclear disaster, contamination
When it comes to nuclear disasters, with or without explosions, the first thing to do is to try to prevent the tragic epilogues dictated by contamination. It is impossible to control the radiation but it is necessary to try everything to avoid exposure to these releases. How? Avoiding drinking water that may have been contaminated, staying indoors and avoiding going out into the fresh air especially in case of rain.

When solids or liquids are contaminated, it is necessary to minimize contact with the radioactive solid or liquid. This means protecting the body (covering eyes, mouth, skin…) from radioactive particles, both solid and liquid. If you come into contact with contaminated liquids, effective systems can be used that can wash the contaminant off the skin.

Survive a nuclear disaster it is even more difficult when the contamination is by inhalation. In this case, prevention plays a fundamental role. To limit exposure to radioactive contamination by inhalation, in the case of Fukushima, the evacuees were advised to cover themselves with wet towels, drink bottled water and not leave the house.

Losses of radioactive substances (radioisotopes) do not occur entirely at the time of the explosion. The release of these substances lasts over time in the form of gases, vapors and dust. Following a nuclear disaster the recommendation is to take iodine to limit damage to the thyroid gland; this was also done following the Fukushima catastrophe.

How to survive a nuclear disaster. Let's sum it up
It's difficult to survive unharmed to a nuclear disaster, but good practice dictates that the general rules outlined in this article are followed. In summary:
-seal at home
- use specialized procedures to wash away any liquid contaminants from the skin
- do not come into contact with contaminated solids
- do not ingest potentially contaminated food
-do not go out especially in case of rain
- in case of evacuation, wear a wet bathrobe

You might also be interested in learning more about the disaster inChernobyl

Video: How to survive a nuclear disaster. (January 2022).