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There is much talk of green economy, sustainable development, but what are the conditions of the Italian forests? Fortunately, the data are not alarming, on the contrary, in recent years there has been an increase in green areas, the summary? Twelve billion trees cover a third of the Italian territory. The trees will be able to save Italy from any sanction assigned if the objectives set by the Kyoto Protocol.
The growth has been recorded in the last 20 years, with an increase of about 1.7 million hectares, reaching over 10 million and 400 thousand hectares of surface. The data were reported by the National Inventory of Forests and Carbon Sources of the State Forestry Corps. The scientific team of the Council for Research and Experimentation in Agriculture, the Research Unit for Forest Monitoring and Planning of Trento participated in the analysis.
Twelve billion trees will be capable of retaining an amount of carbon equal to 1.2 billion tons of tons, equivalent to 4 billion tons of CO2. Popular beliefs see in the arboreal and shrub vegetation (leaves and stem), most of the accumulation of CO2, this belief is dispelled by the data reported in Rome, in the presence of Mario Catania, minister of agricultural, food and forestry policies, Corrado Clini, Minister of the environment and protection of the territory and the sea, Cesare Patrone, head of the State Forestry Corps and Giuseppe Alonzo, president of the Council for research and experimentation in agriculture.
According to the report presented by the aforementioned insiders, 58% of carbon dioxide is retained by the soil, while "only" 38% is accumulated in shrubs and foliage. The remaining 4% is accumulated in plant residues and dead wood. This means that the carbon contained in the soil is over 700 million tons. This is why it is important to implement policies to safeguard the forest territory Italian.
Forest soils are important for a twofold reason: on the one hand they work for the protection of hydrogeological defense, on the other they protect us from climate changes absorbing CO2. Not to mention the crucial role they play in safeguarding the biodiversity.
“The Italian forests, as natural carbon containers - underlines the Forestale - play a fundamental role in achieving the goal set by the Kyoto Protocol, a binding operational instrument of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the result of the 1992 Rio de Janeiro conference on the environment ″.
The Kyoto Protocol aims to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions on a global scale. Italy must contribute with its wooded area and with the cuts in greenhouse gases linked to the industrial, mobility and energy sectors, in this regard incentives have been allocated for renewables that bear the name of the "Kyoto Fund" but it is still so much work to do: you have to work on several fronts and the Italian wooded areas they play a crucial role.
Italy is close to achieving the goals set with the Kyoto Protocol, which started in January 2008, up to now there has been a total reduction of greenhouse gases equal to 5.4%. The goal is 6.5% and, according to the Forest, it will be possible to reach it thanks to the Italian wooded areas. Forests have not only ecological but also economic importance. The goal must be achieved by the end of 2012 and according to the calculations of Kyoto Protocol, the forest carbon component is quantified at approximately € 1-1.5 billion for the period 2008-2012.
In other words, thanks to forests Italy will save money, avoiding the possible sations due to failure to achieve set by the Kyoto Protocol.