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Continental climate: flora and fauna

Continental climate: flora and fauna


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Continental climate, reigns mainly in the central and eastern part of Europe, too in “our” Po Valley which, if we want to be precise, has a sub-continental climate which, going towards the Adriatic, develops in a humid subtropical climate. Returning to Europe, if the continental climate actually exists in the center of the continent, it becomes oceanic going west and Mediterranean, descending south, not only in Italy but also in Spain or Greece.

The the most continental areas in the world are the Canadian ones, in the center of this country, flanked by Mongolia and Russia, in particular Siberia, are areas in which in the space of a year on average you can go from -60 ° C to +35 ° C, winter / summer.

Cold continental climate

It is certainly not one of the hottest climates, the continental one, even if in summer it would not be said since it can also reach temperatures characteristic of warm climates, with only the but important difference regarding the degree of humidity, low in this type of climate compared to others, with the same temperature.

The continental climate is cold in winter: this season it clearly differs from the Mediterranean one, for example, as we who live in Italy can see, looking at the differences between North and South. In winter in continental areas it is cold and there is a strong daily, as well as annual temperature range. This climate is so called because it is typical of the internal lands of continents, usually those located in the mid-latitudes of the northern hemisphere.

Continental climate: flora and fauna

It is difficult to describe typical flora and fauna, in a truthful way, without making differences between continent and continent. We therefore remain in Europe, in inland areas. Here we find harsh and long winters and short summers and very hot, little rain, a regime suitable for formation of the taiga or steppe. In the taiga there are coniferous forests, plants that make pine cones such as pines and firs, inhabited by beavers, squirrels, reindeer, bear and deer. The landscape of the steppe is different, at a glance we realize it, because it consists of arid and flat areas, covered with grass, in which they live moles, marmots and snakes.

Continental climate: definition

The continental climate is called this because characterizes the territory of almost every continent, located far from the seas and oceans, therefore where the mitigating effects of the seas fail to have marked consequences. Let's think about inland regions of Asia, China and the United States which show a climate, continental in fact, very different from that found in the same countries but close to the coastal strips.

If you look at the Köppen classification there is no real continental climate, "officially", but can be understood as a subset of the climate that is boreal with a harsh and dry winter associated with hot or warm summers.

Continental climate: pictures

Continental climate: how it is

Thermal excursions between winter and summer significant, with winter temperatures so low that the snow not only sometimes drops in abundance, but also manages to survive on the ground for a long time. In summer, the temperatures are equally significant but in the opposite direction, that is to say high, sometimes even annoyingly high, with mugginess to complete the climatic picture that is also found in Very close countries to us if not in Northern Italy itself, in the flat part. Summer or winter be it, it doesn't rain much because the sea is far away and the humidity is lower.

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